Normal Sinus Rhythm RR Interval Database

DOI for
Normal Sinus Rhythm RR Interval Database:


This database includes beat annotation files for 54 long-term ECG recordings of subjects in normal sinus rhythm (30 men, aged 28.5 to 76, and 24 women, aged 58 to 73). The original ECG recordings (not available) were digitized at 128 samples per second, and the beat annotations were obtained by automated analysis with manual review and correction.

For additional data of this type, including digitized ECG signals, see the MIT-BIH Normal Sinus Rhythm Database.

We thank Phyllis Stein, of Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis; and Rochelle Goldsmith, of Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, for their generous contributions of these data to PhysioBank.


The following studies have made use of these data:

  1. Goldsmith RL, Bigger JT, Steinman RC, et al. Comparison of 24-hour parasympathetic activity in endurance-trained and untrained young men. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992; 20:552-558. [Abstract]
  2. Bigger JT, Fleiss LF, Steinman RC, Rolnitzky LM, Schneider WJ, Stein PK. RR variability in healthy, middle-age persons compared with patients with chronic coronary heart disease or recent acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 1995; 91:1936-1943.
  3. Stein PK, Ehsani AA, Domitrovich PP, Kleiger RE, Rottman JN. The effect of exercise training on heart rate variability in healthy older adults. Am Heart J 1999; 138:567-576. [Abstract]
  4. Mietus JE, Peng C-K, Henry I, Goldsmith RL, Goldberger AL. The pNNx files: re-examining a widely used heart rate variability measure. Heart 2002; 88:378-380.